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Functional symptoms in neurology: mimics and chameleons
  1. Jon Stone1,
  2. Markus Reuber2,
  3. Alan Carson1,3
  1. 1Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
  2. 2Academic Neurology Unit, University of Sheffield, Royal Hallamshire Hosptial, Sheffield, UK
  3. 3Department of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jon Stone, Department Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh EH4 2XU, UK; Jon.Stone{at}


The mimics and chameleons of functional symptoms in neurology could be a whole textbook of neurology. Nevertheless, there are some recurring themes when things go wrong, notably diagnostic bias introduced by the presence or absence of psychiatric comorbidity or life events, neurological diseases that look ‘weird’ and lack of appreciation of the more unusual features of functional symptoms themselves.

  • Neuropsychiatry
  • Conversion Disorder
  • Psychogenic
  • Functional Symptoms
  • Diagnosis

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