Article Text

Download PDFPDF
When the heart rules the head: ischaemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage complicating infective endocarditis

Abstract

Sir William Osler meticulously described the clinical manifestations of infective endocarditis in 1885, concluding that: ‘few diseases present greater difficulties in the way of diagnosis … which in many cases are practically insurmountable’. Even with modern investigation techniques, diagnosing infective endocarditis can be hugely challenging, yet is critically important in patients presenting with stroke (both cerebral infarction and intracranial haemorrhage), its commonest neurological complication. In ischaemic stroke, intravenous thrombolysis carries an unacceptably high risk of intracranial haemorrhage, while in intracerebral haemorrhage, mycotic aneurysms require urgent treatment to avoid rebleeding, and in all cases, prompt treatment with antibiotics and valve surgery may be life-saving. Here, we describe typical presentations of ischaemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage caused by infective endocarditis. We review the diagnostic challenges, the importance of rapid diagnosis, treatment options and controversies.

  • Stroke
  • Endocarditis
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Intracerebral haemorrhage

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Other content recommended for you