Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Management of a wake-up stroke


Current national guidelines advocate intravenous thrombolysis to treat patients with acute ischaemic stroke presenting within 4.5 hours from symptom onset, and thrombectomy for patients with anterior circulation ischaemic stroke from large vessel occlusion presenting within 6 hours from onset. However, a substantial group of patients presents with acute ischaemic stroke beyond these time windows or has an unknown time of onset. Recent studies are set to revolutionise treatment for these patients. Using MRI diffusion/FLAIR (fluid-attenuated inversion recovery) mismatch, it is possible to identify patients within 4.5 hours from onset and safely deliver thrombolysis. Using CT perfusion imaging, it is possible to identify subjects with a middle cerebral artery syndrome who have an extensive area of ischaemic brain but as yet have only a small area of infarction who may benefit from urgent thrombectomy in up to 24 hours. Here, we highlight the recent advances in late window stroke treatment and their potential contribution to clinical practice.

  • wake up stroke
  • stroke with unknown time of onset
  • thrombolysis
  • thrombectomy
  • CT perfusion
  • DWI-FLAIR mismatch

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles

  • Editors’ commentary
    Phil E M Smith Geraint N Fuller

Other content recommended for you