Ataxia telangiectasia is an autosomal recessive DNA repair disorder characterised by complex neurological symptoms, with an elevated risk of malignancy, immunodeficiency and other systemic complications. Patients with variant ataxia telangiectasia—with some preserved ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) kinase activity—have a milder and often atypical phenotype, which can lead to long delays in diagnosis. Clinicians need to be aware of the spectrum of clinical presentations of ataxia telangiectasia, especially given the implications for malignancy surveillance and management. Here, we review the phenotypes of ataxia telangiectasia, illustrated with case reports and videos, and discuss its pathological mechanisms, diagnosis and management.
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Correction notice This article erroneously published with an open access licence in print. This article has been published under a standard licence.
Contributors MT, RH and AH contributed to the drafting of the text and preparation of figures. MT edited the supplementary videos.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Consent obtained directly from patient(s).
Provenance and peer review Commissioned. Externally peer reviewed by Rajith de Silva, London, UK.
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