A 17-year-old girl underwent emergency bifrontal craniectomy for severely raised intracranial pressure with brainstem compression, having developed acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) following Epstein-Barr virus infection. We discuss the current evidence for craniectomy in both ADEM and infective encephalitis and propose an approach to management.
- Clinical neurology
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Contributors KW contributed to planning, analysis, reporting and editing of this manuscript. DB contributed to conception, planning, analysis, reporting and writing of this manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Consent obtained directly from patient(s).
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed by Alasdair Coles, Cambridge UK.