A 57-year-old man was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction and Stanford type A aortic dissection that had spread to the common iliac arteries. He underwent a Bentall procedure for vascular repair. Immediately after surgery, he developed numbness and severe weakness in his left leg. On examination, he had hypotonia, absent deep tendon reflexes, weakness in the left leg (Medical Research Council (MRC) scale for muscle strength - 0/5 distal, 3/5 proximal) and reduced sensation in the left leg. Electromyography confirmed subacute involvement of the left lumbar and lumbosacral plexus. MR scan of the lumbar plexus showed diffuse muscle oedema involving the left gluteus maximus. We diagnosed ischaemic lumbosacral plexopathy secondary to extensive aorta dissection and internal iliac artery occlusion. We discuss the clinical features of ischaemic plexopathy and the diagnostic approach and review the vascular anatomy of the lumbosacral plexus.
- peripheral neuropathology
- vascular surgery
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Contributors BGG, OGPB, JLP: conception of the project: conception, organisation and execution; manuscript: writing of the first draft and review and critique. RMA, DMCC, FMRF, PHRCB, MLE-B: conception of the project: conception, organisation and execution. TYTS: conception of the project: conception, organisation and execution; manuscript: review and critique.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned. Externally peer reviewed by Kathryn Brennan, Glasgow, UK.
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