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Ventilatory failure in chronic neuromuscular disease


Patients with neuromuscular diseases (NMD) can present to the neurologist with symptoms and signs of respiratory failure, either acutely or as an insidious process in the outpatient setting. Since the advent of non-invasive ventilation, the outcomes of patients with ventilatory failure due to NMD have dramatically improved. However, the natural history of different NMDs requires a nuanced approach to respiratory investigation and management. Respiratory failure dictates the prognosis of many NMDs and timing the most appropriate investigation and referral to ventilation services is crucial in optimising care.


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