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Non-mydriatic fundus photography: a practical review for the neurologist
  1. Devin D Mackay1,
  2. Beau B Bruce2,3
  1. 1Departments of Neurology, Ophthalmology, and Neurosurgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
  2. 2Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  3. 3Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health and Laney Graduate School, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Beau B Bruce, Departments of Ophthalmology and Neurology, Neuro-Ophthalmology Unit, Emory Eye Center, The Emory Clinic, Emory University School of Medicine, 1365-B Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA; bbbruce{at}


Declining proficiency in direct ophthalmoscopy by non-ophthalmologists has spurred a search for alternative methods of ocular fundus examination. Recent technological advances have improved the ease of use and quality of non-mydriatic fundus photography, increasing its suitability for clinical care. As the availability of this technology continues to improve, neurologists will need to be familiar with its advantages, limitations and potential applications in the clinical care of patients with neurological conditions.

  • fundus photography
  • ophthalmocope

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