Ovarioleukodystrophy—the co-occurrence of leukodystrophy and premature ovarian failure—is a rare presentation now recognised to be part of the clinical spectrum of vanishing white matter disease. We describe a woman with epilepsy and neuroimaging changes consistent with leukoencephalopathy who presented with non-convulsive status epilepticus after starting hormone replacement therapy in the context of premature ovarian failure. Genetic testing confirmed her to be a compound heterozygote for EIF2B5 mutations; the gene encodes a subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B. Mutations in EIF2B1–5 result in vanishing white matter disease. We highlight the importance of ovarian failure as a diagnostic pointer to eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B)-related ovarioleukodystrophy and present a brief literature review of ovarioleukodystrophy.
- vanishing white matter
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