Cerebral lipiodol embolisation is a rare but serious complication of lymphangiography. A man in his seventies had undergone lymphangiography for a refractory chyle leak following oesophagectomy. The day after lymphangiography, his conscious level dropped with bilaterally miotic pupils, increased muscle tone and double incontinence. CT scan of the head showed patchy high density throughout basal ganglia, cortex and cerebellum but no infarct, in keeping with lipiodol embolisation. He was managed initially in intensive care and subsequently underwent thoracoscopy with clipping and suturing of the left thoracic duct, and later a talc pleurodesis. At 3 months, he had some cognitive limitations and was walking with a stick.
- clinical neurology
- image analysis
- intensive care
Data availability statement
All data relevant to the study are included in the article.
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Contributors LB was the primary author of the text. MT contributed to writing and drafting of the text. BW contributed to writing and drafting of the text.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Provenance and peer review. Not commissioned. Externally peer reviewed by William Whiteley, Edinburgh, UK.
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