Table 1

A schema for examining praxis

PantomimingShow me how you would…
 Brush your teeth
 Comb your hair
 Hammer a nail
 Use a pair of scissors
Meaningful hand gesturesShow me how you would…
 Hitch a lift
 Wave goodbye
 Beckon ‘come here’
Buccofacial apraxiaLick your lips
Show me how you would…
 Blow out a match
 Drink through a straw
Meaningless hand gesturesAsk the patient to copy several meaningless hand gestures, such as those in figure 1
Luria's three-step task‘Watch my hand movements—fist, side, palm, fist, side, palm. Now do the same’.
  • Adapted from Greene.12