Table 2

Conditions that may show ‘vasculitic’ changes on contrast angiography

Intracranial atherosclerosisSubarachnoid haemorrhage
CADASILIntracerebral haematoma
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromeMigraine
Antiphospholipid syndromeSickle cell disease
Fibromuscular dysplasiaAlzheimer’s disease
Intravascular lymphomaMultiple cerebral emboli (eg, SBE)
Herpes zoster arteritis syndromesMarfans’ syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndromes
Vasospasm (eg, drug-related)Severe hypertension
Moyamoya disease and syndromeAcute trauma
Radiation vasculopathy
  • CADASIL, cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy; SBE, sub-acute bacterial endocarditis.