Table 3

Localising value of auras

AuraLocalisation
Somatosensory
Marching sensory auraPrimary sensory cortex
Tingling, numbnessPrimary or secondary somatosensory cortex, supplementary motor area, insula
Pain/ warmthSecondary somatosensory cortex, insula
Visual aura
Elementary (lights, shapes)Primary visual cortex
Illusions/ distortionsTemporo-parieto-occipital
Complex visual hallucinationsTemporal
Auditory
ElementaryHeschl’s gyrus, superior temporal
Illusions/distortionLateral temporal, insula
Other
GustatoryInsula, mesiotemporal
OlfactoryInsula, mesiotemporal, orbitofrontal
VestibularPosterior temporal, parietal
AutonomicInsula, amygdala, cingulate