We report a case of conus medullaris syndrome presenting with lower limb and bladder symptoms. MR imaging showed an abnormality in the lowest part of the spinal cord as a first presentation of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-associated disease. While such cord swelling can mimic a tumour, these patients respond well to corticosteroids, with good outcomes. MOG-associated disease is an immune-mediated syndrome distinct from aquaporin 4 antibody positive neuromyelitis optica syndrome and is now considered an independent entity. Although there can be overlapping phenotypes, there are also differences, and MOG-associated disease generally has a much better prognosis compared with aquaporin 4 antibody-positive neuromyelitis optica syndrome.
Data availability statement
All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as online supplemental information. Not Applicable.
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Contributors Al authors contributed equally.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed by Emma Tallantyre, Cardiff, UK.